Thomas HOWARD

(2nd E. Arundel)

Born: 7 Jul 1585, Romford, Essex, England

Died: 26 Sep 1646, Padua, Italy

Buried: 4 Oct 1646, Arundel, Sussex, England

Notes: Knight of the Garter.

Father: Phillip HOWARD (1º E. Arundel)

Mother: Anne DACRE (C. Arundel)

Married: Alethea TALBOT (C. Arundel) ABT 24 Sep 1606 

Children:

1. James HOWARD (B. Maltravers) (d. 1624)

2. Henry Frederick HOWARD (3º E. Arundel)

3. William HOWARD (1º V. Stafford)

4. Charles HOWARD

5. Catherine HOWARD

6. Gilbert HOWARD

7. Thomas HOWARD

8. Theophilus HOWARD

9. Anne HOWARD


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First great English art collector and patron of arts. Educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, he married Alethea Talbot, the wealth daughter of the Earl of Shrewsbury, and goddaughter of Queen Elizabeth and was always closely connected with the court. He held many high offices; in 1616 he was appointed privy councillor and later made Earl marshal of England. He was patron of Inigo Jones, Rubens, and Van Dyck. Both Rubens and Van Dyck painted portraits for Arundel of himself and his wife in addition to other works. Inigo Jones, long in his service, accompanied him to Rome; there Arundel excavated some Roman statues, which with other ancient sculptures, including the Parian Chronicle, or Marmor Chronicon, were given to Oxford Univ. in 1667 and became known as the Arundel Marbles. Most of his sculpture collection is in Oxford's Ashmolean Museum. His collections also included Flemish, Dutch, German, and Italian paintings of the 16th cent.; Dürer and Holbein were particularly well represented. His library was given to the Royal Society; the manuscripts known as the Arundel Collection were later transferred (1831) to the British Museum. The Arundel Society (1848–97) reproduced works by famous artists in order to promote public interest in art. In 1904 the Arundel Club began to print reproductions of works in private collections.

Held the position of Ambassador under James I.

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Thomas Howard, 2nd Earl of Arundel and Surrey with His Grandson Lord Maltravers.

by Anthony van Dyck.

1635. Oil on canvas. Duke of Norfolk, Arundel Castle, Sussex, UK

Thomas Howard, 2nd Earl of Arundel

by Anthony van Dyck.

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Portrait of Alathea Howard, Countess of Arundel, née Talbot

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Portrait of Alathea Howard, Countess of Arundel, née Talbot (detail).

by Peter Paul Rubens

1620. Oil on canvas. Alte Pinakothek, Munich, Germany

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