(2nd E. Rutland)
Born: ABT 23 Sep 1526, Belvoir Castle, Leicesterhire, England
Christened: Enfield, England
Died: 17 Sep 1563
Buried: St. Mary the Virgin Church, Bottesford, Leicesterhire, England
Notes: Knight of the Garter. 14° B. Ros
Father: Thomas MANNERS (1° E. Rutland)
Married 1: Margaret NEVILLE (C. Rutland) 3 Jul 1536, Holywell, Shoreditch, London, Middlesex, England
1. Edward MANNERS (3° E. Rutland)
2. John MANNERS (4° E. Rutland)
3. Elizabeth MANNERS
Married 2: Bridget HUSSEY (C. Rutland/C. Bedford)
Henry Manners, second Earl of Rutland
Portrait attributed to Van der Eyden
at Belvoir Castle
Eldest son of Thomas Manners, first Earl of Rutland, and his second wife, Eleanor Paston, Countess of Rutland. He is stated by Doyle to have been born BEF 1526, but most probably he was born BEF 1513. A son of Lord Ros is mentioned as being a page of honour at the marriage of Louis XII of France and the Princess Mary. His mother complained that in bringing him up she had incurred in debts which she could not pay.
His first marriage was celebrated with the royal presence of the King Henry VIII and the new Queen, Jane Seymour, on 3 Jul 1536. He married Margaret, fourth daughter of Ralph, Earl of Westmoreland, a great northern magnate. The same day his sister, Anne, married Henry, Westmoreland's heir.
At Edward's coronation he was bearer of the spurs. In 1547 he was nominated Constable of Nottingham Castle and warden and chief justice of Sherwood Forest as a reward for conducting an expedition into Scotland, with 3000 men, took and sacked Haddington. On 1 May 1549 he was appointed warden of the east and middle marches, and had personal command of a hundred horse at Berwick.
He made depositions in 1549 as to conversation he had had with Thomas Seymour, the lord Admiral.
He also was one of those who received the French hostages in 1550, when the Treaty which followed the loss of Bolougne was concluded.
On 14 Apr 1551 he became lord-lieutenant of Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire, and at that time lived when in London at Whittington's College. From May to Aug that year he was absent as lord in attendance on the embassy to France.
He seems to have belonged to John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland's party, so he belonged, like Northumberland, to the extreme reformed party in church matters. And was one of those who took part on 3 Dec 1551 in the second debate on the real presence between Sir John Cheke and Watson in Sir Richard Morison's house.
On 16 May 1552 he became lord-lieutenant of Nottinghamshire, probably in Northumberland's interest.
At Mary's accession Henry was at once imprisoned in the Fleet as an adherent of Lady Jane Grey. Rutland, however, soon became to terms with Mary's government. While his brother Roger served under Sir William Howard of Effingham, the Lord Admiral; he was made an Admiral in 1556, and in 1557 Henry Earl of Rutland was appointed by Felipe and Mary captain general of all the forces then designed to be transported into France, and had the chief command of the whole fleet.
In 1555 he
completed the noble design, which had been far advanced by his father, of
rebuilding the family mansion at Belvoir, and making a nobler structure than it
had ever been before. That part of the more ancient building, which was left by
both unaltered, is included in the following concise description by an ingenious
writer, who visited it in 1722:
“Ædes in culmine montis sitæ; scilicet,
aditu difficilis circa montem; cujus latera omnia
horti 50 acrarum circumeunt, nisi versus Aquilonem,
quò ascenditur ad ostium ædium, ubi etiam
antiqua janua arcuato lapide. Versus Occidentem 8
fenestræ, et 3 in sacello; et ulterior pars vetusta.
Versus Aquilonem 10 fenestræ. Facies Australis et
Turris de Staunton, in quâ archiva familiæ reponuntur,
extructa ante annos circa 400. pars restat kernellata.
Cavoedium est intus (vocat. The Old Court) ;
Circa id fornices vetustæ, et muri insignibus gentilities ornate, unum cum hoc inscripto,
P G U G I P E G
V E N I G E Y M
Angeli id sustinent, è lapide barbarè omnia sacta.
Versus Austrum alter mons Blackverry Hill, ferè contingit
montem de Belvoir; et ultra vides parcum de
Croxton super aliam montem situm.”
Another plan of his father’s was also completed by Earl Henry; the collecting together from the ruined monasteries the memorials of their ancestors.
Late in the autumn of 1557 the Duke of Guise laid plans for the seizure of Calais by a coup-de-main. On 18 Dec news of this project reached the deputy of Calais, Lord Wentworth, but he neglected the warning until it was confirmed on the 26th. On the following day a council of war was held, and it was decided to abandon the open country, and only attempt the defence of Guisnes, Hammes, Newhaven (Haven Etue), Rysbank, and Calais. Reinforcements were ordered from England under the Earl of Rutland, but on the 29th Wentworth wrote that Calais was in no immediate danger; he disbelieved alike the French reports and the warnings of Lord Grey de Wilton, who was captain of Guisnes. On the 31st Guise's army arrived on the borders of the Pale, and on 1 Jan 1557/8 Rutland was again ordered to proceed at once to Calais. He failed to arrive in time; one fortress after another fell before Guise; on the 6th the castle of Calais was surrendered, and on the 7th Wentworth yielded up the town, being himself one of the prisoners of war.
After the loss of Calais, he was on duty at Dover (Froude, History, vi. 439), and on 19 Jan 1557/8 five hundred picked men raised in the city of London were ordered to serve under him.
Rutland was a favorite of Queen Elizabeth, and had also a certain reputation of learning.
On 13 Apr 1559, months after Elizabeth's accession, Henry Manners was nominated Knight of the Garter, and installed Jun 4; and on 10 May became lord-lieutenant of the counties of Nottinham and Rutland, and president of the council of the North part of the realm. On 13 Oct of this year, died Countess Margaret at Hollywell, and the Earl gave her a splendid funeral at St. Leonard, Shoreditch. Strype tells us, her corpse was carried, Oct 21, 1559, from the house which had been the nunnery of Haliwell, with thirty clerks and priest singing; about threescore poor men and women in black gowns; mourners, to the number of an hundred; two heralds of arms, Garter and York; then came the corpse; afore a great banner of arms; and about her four goodly banner rolls of divers arms. Mr. Bacon preached. After was dispersed a great dole of money, being 2 d. apiece for each. And so all departed to the place to dinner. About the valance was written:
“Sic transit Gloria mundi.”
Soon Rutland married his second wife, Bridget Hussey, a daughter of John, lord Hussey (executed for the Pilgrimage of the Grace), and widow of Sir Charles Morison of Cashiobury. These lady was a great friend of Queen Elizabeth.
To John, his second son, he gave his manor and rectory of Helmesley, sometime belonging to the monastery of Kirkham, as also his manor of Roos in Holderness, and a fee-farm of 40 £ a year issuing out of the city of York, during his life. To Edward lord Roos, his son and heir, all his armour, munition, and weapons; and ordered all his goods, chattels, jewels, plate, and household-stuff, which could be left unsold, to be divided betwixt his wife and the said Edward his son, when he should arrive to the age of twenty-one years; and, by a schedule annexed, inceased the portion of his daughter Elizabeth 500 marks, if she should marry with the consent of his wife, and George Earl of Shrewsbury, his brother in law, and of his brother John Manners, or any two of them, whereof his wife to be one. He also gave 200 £ to be distributed among his household servants, as his wife should judge convenient.
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