William ALLEY

(Bishop of Exeter)

Born: ABT 1510, Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England

Died: 15 Apr 1570

Buried: Exeter Cathedral

A native of Wycombe, Bucks, and educated at Eton, but finished his course of studies at Cambridge and Oxford, whilst Prebendary of St. Paul's, London, was fixed on by Queen Elizabeth to succeed the deprived Turberville.

On 27 Apr 1560, she issued her congé d'élire to the Dean and Chapter. It was delivered to the President, Chancellor Levison, on 5 May, in the absence of the newly elected Dean, Dr. Gregory Dodds: the election took place on 20 that month; but his consecration 14 Jul that year (Parker's 'Register,' fol. 80). The revenues of the see and of his chapter had of late been lamentably reduced: fortunately the Rectory of Honiton was given to the Bishop towards the better maintenance of his rank; and in its parochial church, and even in the rectory-house, he held several ordinations "in Rectoria - in domo Domini Episcopi apud Honyton", as we learn from his Registers. Owing to the impoverished state of the finances of his Dean and Chapter, with the unanimous consent of its members, and under the Royal authority, he diminished the number of the Canons of the Cathedral from twenty-four to nine. His statute for this purpose is dated 22 Feb 1560/1. Attempts were made at subsequent periods to set aside this ordinance, which conferred the power and emoluments on the favoured nine, to the exclusion of the other fifteen; but it proved useless to combat with a practice, legalised by time and due authority. Hoker, who knew the Bishop well, commends his affability of manners, regularity of life, and singular learning; adding that "his library was replenished with all the best sort of writers, which most gladly he would impart, and make open to every good scholar and student, whose company and conference he did most desire and embrace"; but in his MS. 'History,' p. 359, in describing the Mayor, Robert Midwynter, he says, that "in office he showed himself, as he was, an upright justice, and governed the city in very good order. In nothing was he more stowte, than he was against Bishop Alley, when he brought a commyssion to be a Justice of the Peace within the citie, contrary to the lybertes of the same". After governing the diocese for about nine years and a half, he died, according to his epitaph, on 15 Apr 1570, aged 60, and was buried in the choir of his cathedral.

He is known to the literary world by his 'Poor Man's Librarie,' printed in folio by John Day, London, 1565, or 'Lectures upon the First Epistle of Saint Peter, red publiquely in the Cathedrall Church of Saint Paule, within the Citye of London, in 1560. Here are adioyned at the ende of euery special treatise, certain fruitful annotacions called miscellanea, because they do entreate of diverse and sundry matters.'

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